Karl Marx is not typically used as a direct reference in business, as his ideas and theories are largely focused on the nature of capitalism and the role of the working class in society. However, Marx's ideas about the relationship between labor and capital, and the ways in which capitalism can create inequality, are often studied and discussed in business schools and in discussions of business ethics. In this way, Marx's ideas can be seen as providing a critical perspective on business and capitalism.
Marx's views on capitalism and the working class were developed in his writings on political economy and sociology. In general, Marx saw capitalism as a system in which the means of production (such as factories, machinery, and land) are owned by a small group of capitalists, who use the labor of the working class to produce goods and services for profit. Marx believed that the working class, or proletariat, were exploited by the capitalists, who paid them wages that were less than the value of the goods and services they produced.
He believed that the exploitation of the working class by the capitalists was the fundamental problem with capitalism. He argued that the capitalists were motivated solely by the desire to maximise their own profits, and that they did not care about the well-being of the workers. As a result, the workers were forced to work long hours in difficult conditions for low wages, while the capitalists grew wealthier and more powerful.
In conclusion, Karl Marx's views on capitalism and the working class were based on his ideas about the relationship between labor and capital, and the ways in which capitalism can create inequality. While Marx's ideas are not directly used in business, they provide a critical perspective on the nature of capitalism and the role of the working class in society.